The persistence of women’s inequality in the EU
AbstractEquality between men and womenwas enshrinedin the founding treaties of the European Union. Gender equality was the subject of over 15 directives and sometimes a stated objective for EU funding. Yet, for all this, discrimination against women stubbornly persists. Across the member states, on 2018 figures, women’s gross hourly earnings are 16.2% below those of men onaverage. This has changed very little over the past 10 years.