Last Exit to Socialism?


  • Seán Mitchell Socialist Workers Network


Languishing in Berlin’s Barnimstrasse Women’s Prison in 1915, just as the heady jingoism of the previous year was ceding ground to the growing anti-war agitation for which she was incarcerated, Rosa Luxemburg wrote and then smuggled out her Junius Pamphlet—a thunderous destruction of the “hideous nakedness” of a capitalist system then “wading in blood and dripping with filth”, perhaps best remembered for its prophetic warning about the “crossroads” facing humanity: “either transition to socialism or regression into barbarism.”